John Monash GCMG, KCB (1865-1931) was born in West Melbourne and died in 1931 in Melbourne. Of Prussian Jewish heritage, he participated in the landing at Anzac Cover Gallipoli and assumed command of the Australian Corps in May 1918. The first honorary degree was awarded at Oxford University at the end of the medieval period, in either 1478 or 1479, to Lionel Woodville, the bother-in-law of Edward IV.
Entry on Australian War Memorial website:
The Oxford Encaenia:- Group portrait of eight great war leaders at Oxford University, where they received the honorary degree of doctor of civil law. Left to right: back row; Professor H Pirenne, Rear Admiral Sir W Reginald Hall, the Reverend H E Blakiston, DD (Vice Chancellor of the University), Doctor F W Pember (Warden of All Souls' College). Front row; Vice Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyss (afterwards Admiral of the Fleet) , Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, General J J Pershing, Marshall Joffre, Marquis Curzon (Chancellor of the University of Oxford), Field Marshall Sir Douglas Haig (afterwards Earl), Admiral Sir David Beatty (afterwards Admiral of the Fleet and Earl), Mr H C Hoover President, Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson.
See Oxford University archive for medieval history of honorary degrees.
See Oxford University website for History of Encaenia
Australian War Memorial