St Ildephonsus’ Chapel Interior, New Norcia

Dublin Core

Title

St Ildephonsus’ Chapel Interior, New Norcia

Subject

Altar, altarpiece, Art, artwork, Benedictine monks, Benedictines, boarding school, Byzantine style, Catholic church, Catholic college, Catholic education, chapel, De virginitate sanctae mariae, hagiography, interior, Marist Brothers, Mary, monastery, monasticism, monks, New Norcia, Order of St Benedict, painting, saint, Spanish influence, Spanish mission, St Benedict of Nursia, St Ildephonsus, St Ildephonsus’ College, vestment, Virgin Mary, virginity, WA, Western Australia

Description

A view of the chapel interior at St Ildephonsus’ College in New Norcia. St Ildephonsus was a seventh-century monk at the Benedictine monastery of Agli near Toledo. From 657 until his death in 667, he served as the Archbishop of Toledo. One of his works, De Virginitate Sanctae Mariae, is a treatise defending the perpetual virginity of Mary. The painting above the altarpiece in the New Norcia chapel depicts the hagiographical legend in which Mary appeared before Ildephonsus and presented him with a priestly vestment as a reward for honouring her.

About New Norcia:
New Norcia is a monastic town located 132 km north of Perth in Western Australia. The town is owned and run by a community of Benedictine monks and houses one of only three Benedictine monasteries (for men) in Australia. At its height the monastery housed approximately 80 monks, but currently there are only seven in residence. The Benedictines are part of a religious order within the Catholic Church known as the Order of St Benedict (OSB). Benedictines live in small, largely autonomous communities and base their way of life on the Rule of St Benedict, which prioritises a balance of prayer and work and calls for promises of stability, obedience and a conversion of life. The first Benedictine community was established in the sixth-century in Italy by St Benedict of Nursia (c.480-547).

Originally intended as a mission to evangelise and educate the indigenous peoples of the Victoria Plains, the site at New Norcia was founded in 1847 by two Spanish Benedictine missionaries, Dom José Benito Serra and Dom Rosendo Salvado. Serra’s involvement in the missionary activities at new Norcia decreased following his appointment as Co-adjutor Bishop of Perth in 1849, while Salvado (1814-1900) committed himself wholly to developing the mission and leading the monastic community. He subsequently became the key figure in the first 50 years of New Norcia’s history. He made numerous fundraising trips to Europe, which provided him with the means to purchase books, vestments, artwork and equipment for the community and also to oversee the construction of new buildings. He died in Rome in 1900 and his body was returned to New Norcia. Under Salvado’s successor, Bishop Fulgentius Torres (1861-1914), New Norcia became more like a traditional monastic settlement. An increased focus on education and artistic pursuits led to the establishment of two schools and improvements to many of the town’s buildings. St Ildephonsus opened in 1913 as a boarding school for boys. It was staffed by Marist Brothers until 1965, when the Benedictines took over. The school closed in 1991 and is now used primarily as a venue for school camps.

For more information on New Norcia, see the New Norcia Benedictine Community website: http://newnorcia.wa.edu.au/.

Creator

McEwan, Joanne

Date

7 January 2011

Rights

No Copyright

Format

Digital Photograph

Still Image Item Type Metadata

Original Format

Digital Photograph; JPEG

Files

Citation

“St Ildephonsus’ Chapel Interior, New Norcia,” Medievalism in Australian Cultural Memory, accessed September 19, 2018, http://ausmed.arts.uwa.edu.au/items/show/347.