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The writer credits the craft guilds of medieval England for the eight-hour system, including the Saturday half-holiday. The latter was supposed to be devoted to archery practice, which eventually ensured English mastery of the bow and arrow and their…

Federated Municipal Employees depicted with a FME banner drawn by four horses at a trade union parade in Ballarat, 1920. Some historians consider trade unions to be the successors of medieval guilds. For information regarding the Federated Municipal…